Gen. Dynamics Corp. v. Panetta

General Dynamics entered into fixed-price contracts, fixed-price incentive contracts, cost-plus-fixed fee contracts, cost-plus-award-fee contracts, and time-and-materials contracts with the Department of Defense. Many require compliance with Cost Accounting Standards (CAS), which provide uniformity in how contractors measure, assign, and allocate costs to government contracts, including guidance for determining and measuring the components of pension cost, CAS 412-20(a). The Defense Contract Management Agency notified General Dynamics in 2006 that its use of a blended rate using partial-year valuations did not comply with CAS 412. The Contracting Officer issued notice of noncompliance in 2007. General Dynamics then submitted a compliant retirement plan, but, in 2008, again submitted a plan using the blended rate for the base year. The CO issued a second determination of noncompliance. The Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals denied General Dynamics’ appeal, determining that use of partial-year asset data reflected short-term fluctuations that could and did introduce distortion prohibited by CAS 412-50(b)(4) and that substitution of a midyear value and a blended rate in place of the 8 percent long-term estimate rate constituted “actuarial assumptions” because they were “estimate[s] of future conditions affecting pension cost” and were encompassed by the prohibitions of CAS 412-50(b)(4). The Federal Circuit affirmed. View "Gen. Dynamics Corp. v. Panetta" on Justia Law